Figure Skating

Figure skating is a very universal sport in which individuals, pairs or groups can basically "dance" on ice. Figure skating was the first winter sport included in the Olympic Games when it appeared in the 1908 Olympics in London. There are 4 Olympic figure skating events in which athletes can compete in: women's singles, men's singles, pairs and ice dancing.




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Womens/Men's singles


In an Olympic competition, the singles competition consists of the short program and free skating. The short program has eight mandatory elements such as jump combinations and spins. The free skating program allows competitors to skate to their own choice of music and it usually consists of less jumps, but more artistic detail.

Pairs

The pairs event also has a short program and free skating. Pairs skating is incredibly difficult because the two partners have to work together as one and perform coordinating jumps and lifts.

Ice Dancing


Ice dancing is the most artistic event because steps are choreographed in time with music and it's basically like dancing on ice. There are hree sections: compulsory, original and free dances. The compulsory dances are already pre-determined dances that skaters have to perform. The original dace must follow selected rhythms, but the skaters can make their own steps and music. In free dancing, the skaters can pretty much do their own thing.

Jumps

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There are many jumps that skaters have to perform in singles or even pairs competitions. Here is a list:

1. Toe loop jump: toe jump that takes off from the back outside edge and lands on the same back outside edge.
2. Salchow jump: takes off from a back inside edge and lands on the back outside edge of the opposite foot.
3. Loop jump: takes off from the back outside edge and lands on the same back inside edge.
4. Flip jump: toe jump that takes off from a back inside edge and lands on teh back outside edge of the opposite foot.
5. Lutz jump: toe jump that takes off from a back outside edge and lands on the back outside edge of the opposite foot.
6. Axel: taken off on the forward outside edge and landed on the back outside edge of the opposite foot and it is 1.5 rotations.


There can also be sequences of jumps, meaning a combination of two or more jumps in which the take-off edge of the second or third jump is the same as the landing edge of the first jump.

Jumps can be single, double, triple of quadriple rotations in the air. Axel jumps are a half rotation more than the original.

Skating Videos



Here are some skating videos to catch up in the figure skating world.
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Figure skating is a very dangerous sport. That's why it is very important to learn how to fall and place yourself to create less injury. Here is a video of different, dangerous figure skating accidents. Be careful!




Skating Pictures



Here are some figure skating photos you can look at.



More


Want to know more about figure skating in general or the competitors in the upcoming Olympics? Here are a few links you should check out: